Wednesday, November 15, 2006

TIS Youth Environment Forum
31st August – 1st September 2006
Pukapuka Hostel, Rarotonga, Cook Islands
Funded by
The Community Initiative Scheme,
Te Ipukarea Society
Rotaract Rarotonga

Ewan Cameron (TIS) and Deyna Marsh (NES)
Well TIS wanted the objective to be clear and simple, so here is what we came up with.
We wish to provide a place for youth to voice their opinions about the state of the environment in the Cook Islands. We would like to use this opportunity to enable TIS technical members to make presentations on the top environmental issues. Youth would then plan activities they can do to learn more about protecting the environment.
Participants began by setting some house rules and were required to sign their attendance during the morning and afternoon of each day. Youth who work in the environmental field as well as two TIS members did 10-20 minute presentations. This was followed by an opportunity for participants to ask questions and discuss the topic. Two field trips to the recycling centers were organized though only one field trip was done because of the wet weather. A documentary on recycling in the Cook Islands was also shown. On the second day, participants were divided into groups to list and prioritize environmental issues and activities to address those issues.

Youth participants from Tereora Collage, Nukutere Collage, and various other youth groups and businesses on the island.
Also speakers from the National Environment Service, Ministry of Marine Resources, Waste Management, and Te Ipukarea Society.


“Invasive Species”

Joseph Brider, Environment Officer, National Environment Service

Joseph talked about the invasive species present in the Cook Islands such as the Mynah bird and balloon vine. He discussed how invasive species spread and why they are so successful at surviving and growing in number. He explained how invasive species are set to increase because of increased travel and trade.

“Native, Historical and Significant Trees and Places, Puaikura” Vaine, Cook Islands Girl Guides

Vaine talked about a project the Cook Islands Girl Guides are doing to map and label important trees and historical places in Puaikura, Rarotonga. The Girl Guides plan to place the information on database and eventually website. They are hoping the trees can then be labeled and protected by Island Bylaw.

“Water Conservation”
Deyna Marsh, Environment Officer, National Environment Service

Deyna talked about what a watershed is and the activities that can affect the quality of water. Deyna also talked about the parameters measured to define the quality of water such as faecal coliform bacteria. She also discussed what can be done to purify water in the home and what can be done in the community to protect watersheds.

“Solid Waste”
Tekao Herrmann, Director Waste Management (Engineer), Ministry of Works

Tekao’s theme was, Our Paradise Lets Not Waste It. His presentation was about the functions of the landfill, sewage treatment ponds, and the recycle centre. He also described how residents should manage their household rubbish. Plastic should be put into a shopping bag and any bottles should have their lids removed. Aluminum and tin should be in a separate bag and glass bottles in another bag.

“Marine Conservation”
Teina Tuatai, Fisheries Research Officer, Ministry of Marine Resources

Teina talked about coral reefs, what they are, their benefits to our community, and their importance to our culture and traditions. Teina then talked about the problems and issues facing coral reefs.

“The Role of NGO’s, Activism”
Jolene Bosanquet, Director, Spacific Marketing Ltd

Jolene, a life member of TIS and past President, based her presentation on the importance and role of an NGO. She talked about past and present projects she’s been involved with and encouraged the youth to play their part in protecting their environment.

Ian Karika, Vice President, Te Ipukarea Society, Conservation Area Support Officer, Takitumu Conservation Area, Chairman, Rarotonga Island Environment Authority

Ian Karika spoke about Cook Islands Biodiversity and the functions of the Takitumu Conservation Area. He gave an in depth speech about terrestrial plants, endemic plants and animals and protected areas like Suwarrow.

“A well spoken speech by Mr Karika”.

Group Work

Participants were divided into four groups and each group given a topic, either Solid Waste, Water Pollution, Plants and Trees or Animals. Each group listed environmental issues related to that topic on to one sheet of butcher paper. Then every participant in the forum was given a yellow sticker and a white sticker to stick on to each of the four butcher papers. The yellow sticker was for the issue that concerned them most and the white sticker was for the issue that concerned them second. Each group was then asked to list activities to address each of the eight issues. This resulted in eight pages of activities, each titled with a priority issue. Next, for each butcher paper every participant stuck a yellow sticker on the activity they wanted to do most and a white sticker on the activity they wanted to do second. This resulted in 16 activities and very good participatory prioritization.
Group work presentations by 2 different groups.
The results of the group discussions were as follows:

Group One Topic: Solid Waste
Group Name: “Wasted”
Priority Issue 1: Rubbish kills animals and plants
Priority Activity 1: Provide awareness to the community e.g. advertising bio-degradable bags, door to door awareness, advertising secure bagging of rubbish to avoid scavengers getting hurt or killed
Priority Activity 2: Increase the number of bins e.g. 1 bin for every 250 meters

Priority Issue 2: Rubbish doesn’t look good for tourism
Priority Activity 1: Have supermarkets issue paper bags rather than plastic bags because it is environmentally friendly
Priority Activity 2: Set up TV and radio adverts to inform people to be more responsible for their rubbish, start campaigns focusing on tourists e.g. backpackers

Group Two Topic: Plants and Trees
Group Name: “Tiare Maori”
Priority Issue 1: Chemical wastes leaching through the soil, which absorbs and affects the growth of plants and trees
Priority Activity 1: Implement regulations/policies to ban harmful chemicals e.g. fertilizers
Priority Activity 2: Community awareness e.g. educating farmers/growers on the types of fertilizers to use on their plantations

Priority Issue 2: Deforestation e.g. cutting down trees for economic development
Priority Activity 1: Develop a support group to protect native trees and plants, include respected advocates e.g. aronga mana/ui ariki
Priority Activity 2: Negotiate with construction workers or architects to find alternative solutions for building e.g. build around native trees.

Group Three Topic: Water Pollution
Group Name: “Hydro’s”
Priority Issue 1: Sewage
Priority Activity 1: The government should tax resorts and use money to pay for a centralized sewage system
Priority Activity 2: Spread awareness e.g. TV, flyers etc.

Priority Issue 2: Animals bacteria in the water causes illnesses
Priority Activity 1: Develop some sort of filter system
Priority Activity 2: Develop community-monitoring teams to monitor stream banks

“Welcome to the jungle”!

Group Four Topic: Animals
Group Name: “Totaraz”
Priority Issue 1: Human exploitation e.g. over-fishing
Priority Activity 1: Try to make laws and harsh consequences
Priority Activity 2: Public Education

Priority Issue 2: Destroying habitats e.g. building developments
Priority Activity 1: Create community initiatives such as planting trees and making coral gardens
Priority Activity 2: Incorporate environmental friendliness in our education system.


Fun and Educational
Feedback through the evaluation sheets showed that the TIS Youth Environment Forum was fun and educational. The energizers were especially popular and a good way to break the ice. The students from the three schools showed mature enthusiasm, which made the forum run very smoothly. It was my pleasure to work with all the presenters and participants who also verbally indicated they enjoyed the forum very much.

Next steps

The next step will be to assemble the seven youth that paid their membership and joined TIS during the Forum. This core group could form the “Youth Committee” and can help to plan and organize future events and encourage other youth to join the organization.

Yep future ambassadors for our country”!!


The Community Initiative Scheme – Thank you for your financial help which made the forum a success.

Rotaract Rarotonga - TIS thanks you also, for organizing the fundraiser and donating the balance of the funds needed to go towards the forum.

Avis Rent a Car – Thank you for the professional service.

Tereora College – Thank you Principal Waiti and Deputy Principal Unuka for allowing your students to participate.

Nukutere College – Thank you Principal Nahu for allowing your students to participate.

Imanuela Akatemia – Thank you Principal Nand for allowing your students to participate.

National Environment Service – Thank you Joseph Brider and Deyna Marsh for your presentations, support and professionalism.

Marine Resources – Thank you Teina Tuatai for your presentation, support and professionalism.

Waste Management – Thank you Tekao for your presentation, support and professionalism.

Girl Guides – Vaine thank you for sharing your presentation with all of us at the forum.

Te Ipukarea Society – Thank you to Jolene and Ian for your wisdom, encouragement and support during the two-day forum.

“Time for a lil sugar hit”! (Sprung man!!)

“Put your hands in the air if you consider yourself a monkey”!! (ha-ha-ha)

Tuesday, November 14, 2006

Who Are the TIS Executive?

The TIS Executive for June 2006 - June 2007 are:
Patron: Karika Ariki Margaret Karika
President: Jacqueline Evans
Vice-President: Ian Karika
Secretary: Jaime Short
Treasurer: Candace Hood
Committee members: Pat Fitzgibbon, Ina Teiotu
Valuing our Wetlands

Wetlands are areas where the land is submerged by water. This includes streams, lakes, taro patches and inter-tidal areas. With the decreasing availability of land, taro patches and coastal inter-tidal areas are being reclaimed. Tourism development will continue to encourage wetland reclamation because tourists like to have a room right next to the sea. But wetlands are important. If wetlands continue to be reclaimed, there will be nowhere to plant our taro. There will also be nowhere for surface water to collect during heavy rain and streams and waterways will overflow. Flooding will be more frequent. The plants in wetland areas also act as a natural filter, removing soil and pollutants from surface and ground water and protecting our coral reef and lagoon. The plants and animals such as the fiddler crabs and paspalum grass can’t live in other environments and the tupa (butcher land crab) gets its food from this area. The taro plots and fish ponds on our islands have existed since the arrival of Polynesians and are therefore centuries old. They act as a monument to the lifestyle of our ancestors and are therefore sometimes an undervalued but important part of our natural heritage.

What’s Happening to Our Coral Reef?

One of the top environmental problems in the Cook Islands would have to be the degradation of our coral reefs. Coral reefs are important for providing food for our families, protecting our land from stormy seas and preventing beach erosion. A healthy coral reef also means a healthy lagoon where we love to swim, snorkel, paddle and sail. Sadly, our coral reef and lagoon are becoming increasingly polluted by nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates. These nutrients come from poorly treated sewage and agricultural waste and agricultural fertilizers. Soil erosion through recent hillside construction is also a source of nutrients. These nutrients act just like fertilizers on land and cause seaweed to grow quickly. The seaweed kills the coral by blocking out sunlight. Some of these "seaweeds" and microscopic marine plants contain a natural toxin that causes health problems like ciguatera fish poisoning, skin rashes, eye and nose irritation.

Why Recycle?

Traditionally, solid waste was never a problem. Everything we used could be thrown away and would rot or be eaten by animals. Very little was imported to our island. Now that we import so many things with all of their packaging and chemicals, we have a huge waste problem. Where are we going to put it when nobody wants to live near a rubbish dump? What will happen to our marine life if we put it in the sea or if it pollutes our water? We’re producing so much rubbish that WE HAVE TO CHANGE WHAT WE NORMALLY DO. We can no longer expect our rubbish to rot. Most of it (plastic, glass etc) doesn’t rot away. And we have to start behaving like our old people: we have to make use of nearly everything and throw little away. Here is what we must do:
Reduce – reduce the waste we produce by buying products with minimal packaging or buying in bulk
Reuse – look at all the useful things we are throwing away
Recycle – this is a traditional way of life, but today it includes factories which can make new things out of old plastic bottles, glass etc. to make new things, allowing us to use things over and over again.
One more action that the Te Ipukarea Society Inc. likes to add is: Rethink – because this is the first and greatest step. Rethink, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. Reference: Pupuka, 1995. Rubbish No More. Coconut Free Press, Coromandel.
Objectives of Te Ipukarea Society Inc.

The Society is established for the object of promoting the balance and harmony which should characterise the relationship of the Cook Islands people with other components of their environment and for this purpose:
(a) To disseminate information and create public awareness amongst its members and the community regarding environmental matters
(b) To demonstrate sound ideas and practices for the purposes of promoting conservation and sustainable development through carefully selected field projects; such demonstrations to draw on traditional knoweldge and practices where they are considered beneficial.
(c) To co-operate with similar organisations within the Cook Islands and throughout the world for the purpose of advancing the course of conservation and sustainable development.
Without prejudice to its other objectives, the Society shall also carry out whatever is necessary to strengthen its capabilities, institutional arrangements and financial support to enable its work programme to run efficiently, effectively and economically.
Welcome to Society Blog

Kia orana!! Turou!! And welcome to the Te Ipukarea Society blog.Our members look forward to bringing you regular updates on environmental matters in the Cook Islands.

TIS Executive